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Why do I have a headache?

Headache, more commonly known as headache, is a frequent disorder that has happened to everyone to experience one or more times in their lifetime. The causes of headaches can be many and varied, not necessarily with serious consequences. If it is a continuous headache, albeit slight, it is however advisable to identify the cause as soon as possible.

The triggers of a headache can be of a different nature, and range from causes external to the body to reasons strictly related to the state of health of the individual who accuses the discomfort.

Possible trigger factors:

  • Strong physical or emotional stress;
  • Abuse or non-consumption of caffeine;
  • Improper nutrition;
  • A drop in sugars due to prolonged fasting;
  • Particularly intense odors;
  • Loud and prolonged noises;
  • Alteration of the sleep-wake rhythm.

In some cases, headaches can present as a constant nuisance and persist for several hours throughout the day, or even headaches could be experienced every day. In this case, the reasons must certainly be investigated more specifically.

Persistent headache: frequent symptoms

There are alarm bells that, when you suffer from a continuous, albeit mild, headache, should prompt you to contact a doctor as soon as possible. Some of these warning signs can be the following:

  • The intensity of the pain is much more important than the headaches you are used to,
  • The pain felt is so strong that it is a hindrance in carrying out normal daily activities;
  • When in association with headache there is the appearance of a very high fever;
  • When neurological symptoms such as visual disturbances, difficulty speaking, weakness in the limbs occur;
  • If the headache is continuous, even if mild, and does not pass despite the use of specific drugs.

It should also be noted that, in subjects such as pregnant women, adults who are over 40 years of age, a continuous headache for days could be the indication of a more serious and not to be underestimated pathology.

Causes of continuous headache

Most individuals who suffer from a mild but continuous headache are genetically predisposed to headaches due to a series of factors both endogenous (internal to the body) and exogenous (external to the body). In this case many of these factors are treatable if identified in time.

The most frequent endogenous factors – i.e. those internal to the body – are:

  • Genetic predisposition;
  • Malformations of cerebral blood cases;
  • Ophthalmological pathologies;
  • Pathologies of the cervical spine (column) or contractures of the neck muscles;
  • Hormonal factors (such as the menstrual cycle in women for example);
  • Inflammations of the meninges;
  • Dental malocclusion.
  • Among the possible exogenous factors, stress should not be underestimated, as it is able to influence significantly the appearance of persistent headaches.

Among the exogenous factors – external to the body – most likely to be taken into consideration:

  • An incorrect diet, and specifically: the abuse of some foods with irritating properties for the intestine or of excessively processed and difficult to digest foods, such as: citrus fruits, tomatoes, chocolate, sausages, frying, coca-cola, coffee;
  • Smoking and alcohol
  • Climate shocks;
  • Incorrect postural habits;
  • Prolonged use of electronic devices.

It is usually not a type of severe headache unless the pain lasts for several days. In that case it could be a wake-up call for more serious problems, for example cardiovascular problems. In order to exclude them, it is always good to consult your doctor promptly and ascertain the nature of the problem.

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