Health & Fitness Lifestyle

What Causes Addiction?

Addiction is a process through which behavior is initially produced that can have the function of procuring pleasure and relieving an inner discomfort. Subsequently, it is characterized by a constant failure of its control and by its persistence, despite the negative consequences it produces.
The person, becoming addicted, loses control over his own life and, although he wishes to get out of it, the attempts he makes in this sense turn out to be mostly unsuccessful.
Addiction, therefore, arises from the regular consumption of a legal psychoactive substance (alcohol, tobacco, medicines) or illegal (heroin, cocaine, synthetic drugs, etc.), but also from activities over which the person loses control (gambling). gambling, anorexia, bulimia, etc.).
The term “addiction”, therefore, refers to a complex phenomenon that often takes root in a person’s experience and does not have a cause that can be uniquely defined; as it has roots, often ancient, linked to its evolutionary history, to the individual’s daily life habits, to his behavioral methods. The factors that can cause it are many, of a social and / or hereditary nature, and they also act, damaging it, on the individual ability to cope with the different situations to which one is confronted.
Substance addiction: when we talk about addictions we immediately think of illegal substances such as heroin, ecstasy or cannabis, etc., but tobacco or alcohol or certain drugs are just as possible sources of addiction. they are perfectly legal and socially accepted;
Addiction to Activities and Habits which, isolated, emerge from everyday life becoming compulsive behaviors: sports, cleaning, work, computers, shopping, food, gambling, etc. For example: we all watch television, at times, without a real interest in what we see, or we eat without being hungry; when, however, these behaviors become indispensable and the subject feels forced to perform them, on pain of frustration, anguish and malaise, then we speak of compulsiveness and addiction. If the subject depends, for his own “well-being”, on such gratifying objects he is affected by an addiction.
What has been said so far allows us to highlight a peculiarity of the phenomenon: in fact, it is a pathology characterized by a development and a course that require a long time; you do not become addicted overnight and the exit from this type of situation may require repeated attempts and numerous failures. Addictions do not arise suddenly but are the result, precisely because of the type of factors that constitute their possible origin, of a slow, almost imperceptible, process.
The problem, therefore, has its roots in the experience of the subject: personal experiences, education, environment, family, state of mind, etc. are just some of the factors on which it is possible that an addiction can develop. For this reason the border between habit and dependence is difficult to trace and on the other hand, precisely because it is not a clearly demarcated border, it is not uniquely crossable (i.e. it is possible to pass from habit to addiction and vice versa and this passage can occur repeatedly).
In the light of all this, it can therefore be understood how, in the fight against addictions, prevention and health promotion (both at individual, community and environmental level) play a fundamental role, constituting psychophysical and social well-being a determining factor ability of each individual to rely on their own resources and skills on a daily basis.

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