The baroque, the twentieth century, postmodernism
The baroque is taken from the art of the 900:
crisis of totality: inability to represent the individual in the entirety of him, man is no longer able to control the world in a synthetic way;
avant-garde: art of the first thirty years of the 600, express the rejection for classicism;
disharmony: opposed to the harmony of classical art;
the baroque exalts modern allegory, based on doubt because reason does not lead to absolute certainties.
There are aspects that link the baroque to postmodernism (literature from 1970 to the present day):
quotationism: ‘classic works must be plundered with a grapple’. According to Marino, classical works are a reservoir of themes and images on which writers must draw;
mass art: the church a baroque art to impress the masses, is divided into baroque art and postmodern art;
relativism (polyp / multi-perspective): it is the absence of certain points of reference. It becomes cynicism with postmodernism: the absence of the 600 becomes a contempt for everything that society produces.
The scientific revolution of the 600
The Baroque opens with astronomical exaltations by Kepler and Galilei and ends with Newton. The theses of Copernicus (heliocentric) spread which question the centrality of the earth and of man in the universe (criticism of anthropocentrism), change the conception of time. Geological studies show that the earth is very old: dilation of time and space. The Baroque represents the world as a clock that can be analyzed and manipulated. The Baroque era is the moment when scientific instruments such as the telescope, the thermometer begin to be used …
The scientific revolution in the Baroque age and today
The points of contact between the science of the Baroque and the modern age are 3:
-theory on the autonomy of science with respect to religion and magic, mathematics studies are applied to every scientific field giving a rational rigor;
-the dividing line between science and religion was marked by the church. In Galileo’s letter of 1613, he had explained the difference between religion and science. The bible is the book of god that expresses its priorities in a favoristic way so that the ignorant people could understand. The other book is the book of nature, written in a mathematical language that only scientists could decipher. The truth concerning the sky belongs to religion and that of the earth to science = relativism (division of tasks);
-power of technology: Bacon’s philosophy. He writes a book on utopia in which he argues that on the ‘new atlantis’ island scientists live together, he anticipates a future where humanity will be managed by technicians.
The sense of bewilderment in the face of infinity
The experience of the senses is finite and leads to finitude in the face of infinity. Man experiences a sense of dismay in front of the infinite space that he is unable to control with reason: artistic and philosophical relativism, links a taste to infinity.
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