FEAR OF FAT
“81% of girls over ten are afraid of gaining weight, 80% of women are dissatisfied with their body”. But what leads a girl or a woman to dislike each other, to do diets after diets to lose a few pounds? This is a deeply felt problem in our society, to which no one has yet given a real answer.
Many girls are afraid of getting fat, of not being beautiful, of being excluded from a world built on appearance.
ADOLESCENTS AND MEN: INCREASING PERCENTAGES
Usually the problem of anorexia and bulimia is associated more with women, but in recent years even men are increasingly looking for models to imitate, stereotypes, treating the body with cosmetics and super workouts.
Many parents do not immediately notice the excessive weight loss of their child, because we now live in a society where many children are “left to fend for themselves” already at 12 or 13 years; and this is the moment in life when they should be most followed because it is the moment in which girls base their self-esteem on their body.
FASHION AND TV
Until the 1950s or 1960s, the aesthetic standards were decidedly different; they proposed an ideal of feminine beauty characterized by abundant curves, which certainly gave the idea of both healthy and economic well-being. The primary negative influence comes from the fashion world where underweight is a very widespread phenomenon. Over the years, the weight of the models has decreased, frequently reaching values that are considered medically at risk and that in the most extreme cases lead to the death of the person. The most famous designers such as Dolce and Gabbana, Valentino, Versace etc. have greatly contributed to the increase of this phenomenon. In fact it is thought that their clothes look much better on a thin person, to whom they fall straight without any imperfection. In fact, it is they who have decisively overturned the aesthetic standards. They come up with a certain style, and people try to fit in, even if it should be the complete opposite. So far only the “Zapatero government” in Spain has decided that models cannot have a body mass index below 18: the average figure for an adult woman is between 18.5 and 24.9.
Another aspect that brings negativity is television which can be correlated both to the world of fashion and to programs, films, etc. It is very rare to see a person with obesity problems presenting a program or acting in a movie on television. This happens because, unfortunately, society, which believes it is highly developed, does not accept a canon of beauty other than that dictated by the mass media.
ANOREXIA AND BULIMIA
Eating disorders are primarily psychological. Anorexia and bulimia, for example, are real diseases and are also very complex because they affect both the psyche and the body; they are both characterized by an incorrect approach and relationship with one’s own body and with food.
Considering that we live in a society where the different is not accepted, obesity represents an extremely negative attitude that has led to episodes of discrimination, prejudice and penalization, due to weight, documented in different areas of our life: work, education, health, research and leisure.
HOW ARE THESE DISEASES CURED?
These diseases are nowadays very followed by experts in this field including: dieticians and nutritionists who deal with the food aspect, private personal trainers and coaches who deal with the physical aspect and psychologists and psychiatrists who deal with the psychology of the person; moreover , there are also specialized centers to treat these diseases; for example in Garda there is a structure called “Villa Garda” which welcomes and shelters people with bulimia and anorexia problems, assisting them during the day both physically and psychologically, and teaching them to love food. “Villa Garda” helps people to recover from these diseases which however contain many other complications, such as: cardiovascular, respiratory, metabolic problems, etc. It is very difficult to get out completely, because anorexia and bulimia leave an indelible mark on the psyche.