After the great design of Hegelian philosophy, the world (and not only that of philosophy) can be divided between those who see an ideologically conservative movement in the thesis, antithesis and synthesis process and those who instead see the features of the revolution in progress. that the Hegelian right and left polarize on the key terms of the language of GWF Hegel (the dialectic, “what is real is rational”, the essence of religion).
Ludwig Feuerbach (1804-1872), exponent of the Hegelian left, then became a supporter of a materialistic perspective, which protects human dignity and mercilessly criticizes religion (which would be a projection of man) and idealism as an inversion of the relationship between subject (being) and predicate (thinking). Alienation – which in Hegel was the objectification of the Idea in Nature – becomes a crucial concept, which also passes to Karl Marx (1818-1883). In his writings, the foundations of idealism are fused with the lesson of classical political economy and with socialist teaching, as already demonstrated by the Critique of Hegelian Philosophy of Public Law and the Franco-German Annals, both of 1843. The State , fundamental for Hegel, it becomes the instrument of the ruling class to exercise its repressive (and hidden) power over society, with the full legitimacy of modern liberalism and ideology; in response to this, historical materialism formulates the thesis that the products of the spirit depend on the economic structure of society, and express its contradictory conflicts. Hence the idea of proletarian revolution and dialectical dissolution of bourgeois society which, from the economic-philosophical manuscripts (1844), mature in the Manifesto of the Communist Party and in Capital, a summary work of Marxist thought.
Jacopo Nacci, born in 1975, graduated in philosophy in Bologna with a thesis entitled The code of perplexity: modesty and shame in Socratic ethics; in Urbino he then obtained the master “Editors for cultural information in the media”. He has published two books: Tutti carini (Donzelli, 1997) and Dreadlock (Zona, 2011). He currently teaches Italian for foreigners in Pesaro, where he resides.