Health & Fitness Lifestyle

Man and the environment

We live in an age that is both fascinating and terrifying. Fascinating because never as now the future of Planet Earth is above all in our hands; what takes place tomorrow will largely depend on what the human community will or will not do today. Fearsome because our generation is the first, since the human species appeared on Earth, to have the power to quickly destroy everything that comes from the past, irreparably compromising what could exist in the future of our planet.
Homo sapiens has been interacting with the natural world ever since it appeared on the face of the Earth. With the passage of time and with the evolution of its cultural abilities it has incredibly expanded its ability to modify natural environments. But it is only for a very short time, if we compare it to the period for which it is supposed to have appeared on Earth, that the human species has been rapidly and deeply intervening on the cycles of the entire biosphere, that band made up of water, air and soil where it is possible. the existence and maintenance of the life phenomenon. The times in which this is taking place are very short compared to those of geological and biological evolution and the short, medium and long term effects of this continuous and growing intervention are far from being known. The observation of what happens in nature shows us that every living being survives as long as it is able to interact adequately with its environment. Our species has not only perfected its ability to adapt to the different natural environments present on Earth, but has modified the environments themselves in proportions greater than those due to the intervention of any other living species and in a very short time. Today there is no place in the biosphere where human intervention has not come in some way, directly or indirectly. The real upheavals that we have produced and continually produce cannot but backfire on our own survival skills as they lead to an overall decrease in the planet’s ability to meet our needs. The mutual human-environment interaction is, in all likelihood, beyond the responsiveness of the biosphere. The same fundamental ecological processes that allow life on Earth could be irreversibly affected. With our activities we destroy natural environments fundamental for the balance of our planet, consolidated over millions of years of evolution: we intervene with all kinds of actions in the delicate cycles of nature, we continually increase the settlement structures (houses, roads, industries) covering increasing portions of precious productive soil, we make disappear forever many living species that share the planet with us. By acting in this way we cause a constant decrease in the natural capacity of the earthly globe to bear the quantitative and qualitative impact of the human species. The problems of overpopulation, the technological project, the accumulation of waste, the impoverishment of raw materials and the search for alternative sources of energy have profoundly changed the natural environment, so much so that it is, due to its ecological characteristics, very different from the primitive one. and, more seriously, they transformed it in such a way as to make it less and less suitable for the establishment of optimal living conditions for living organisms. In recent decades we have witnessed dramatic episodes such as the catastrophe of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, the aqueducts polluted by the massive use of herbicides which then penetrated into the groundwater, the poisoning of rivers due to the pouring into the waters of toxic substances produced by industries, the poor living conditions created in the urban centers of large cities.

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