Egypt doesn’t stop revealing its buried treasures to the world: a new discovery has emerged near Aswan in Jebel el-Silsila
The era of the pharaohs – with their great monuments in the middle of the desert, the walls of the palaces covered with mysterious hieroglyphs and the arcane charm of mummies – has fascinated the world for thousands of years. Egypt is still full of buried treasures and archaeological discoveries related to this ancient civilization that are just waiting to be unearthed by tireless archaeologists and scholars from all over the world who explore its most remote territories.
Many years of studies often prove unsuccessful, but sometimes they bring to light real treasures: this is what happened in Aswan.
The infinite treasures of the land of the pharaohs
Almost halfway between the famous site of Luxor, with the Valley of the Kings and Queens, and the city of Aswan, near the largest Nile dam, is the site of Jebel el-Silsila. The necropolis – which dates back to the New Kingdom, almost 3,500 years ago – was discovered in 2015 during a Swedish expedition from the University of Lund: the site revealed 40 tombs, probably of individuals belonging to a high social class, of which however the identity is not yet known.
Recently, 12 other tombs of various types have been discovered on the same site: the necropolis also houses animal tombs, each with one or two rooms and a rich funeral kit consisting of stone or clay sarcophagi. Among these animals were found sheep, goats and a crocodile.
The tombs of Aswan: treasures from the time of Thutmose III
The various tombs contain all the typical elements of a funeral trousseau of the time, those treasures that have so often been plundered from their respective tombs by so many tomb thieves.
Sculptures, stone sarcophagi, funeral fabrics, and ornaments such as amulets and elaborate jewelry are clues in support of the thesis that the people buried belonged to a high social class. However, the analysis of the new bodies found revealed typical signs of strenuous work, such as broken bones, and thus revolutionized the previous theories of scholars.
Some elements supported the temporal location of the site: a scarab-shaped amulet and a cartouche bear the name of Thutmose III. Thutmose III was one of the greatest pharaohs of the 18th dynasty, who conquered various territories through 17 military campaigns. First, together with his stepmother Hatshepsut and then alone, he reigned for 54 years between 1481 and 1425 BC, precisely in the period to which it was estimated that the tombs of the site of Aswan date back.