Food Health & Fitness

All about mushrooms, precious allies of the heart and skin

They are rich in protein, fiber, mineral salts and nutrients that promote metabolism. But the alert must always be maximum.

They represent a real mine of precious nutrients for metabolism and are rich in proteins and mineral salts. Be careful, though: the mushrooms are good and do well, but excessive and too frequent consumption is not recommended due to the presence of the chitin, a substance that can make them difficult to digest. That is why it would be better to keep them away from those suffering from liver diseases, kidney stones and children under three years.

Water and fiber

Although belonging to a very different family, from a nutritional point of view, mushrooms are cataloged among vegetables and vegetables. They are composed almost completely of water, with a negligible caloric intake (about 20 kilocalories per 100 grams), and are rich in fibers (which keep the intestine alive) and vegetable proteins. Furthermore, both fresh and dried mushrooms contain good amounts of lipids, carrying out important immune and anti-inflammatory activities.

Rich in vitamins

There are also good doses of carbohydrates and vitamins in mushrooms. Among the most important, there is vitamin A, with its protective action on the mucous membranes, B1 which protects the nervous tissue, B2 and B6, allies of the skin, and vitamin C, which intervenes in cholesterol metabolism. Vitamin D is also present, which favors the fixation of calcium in bone tissue, vitamin K, with its protective action on the blood vessel wall, and vitamin PP, important because it intervenes in cellular metabolism.

Mushrooms, friends of the heart

Among the mineral salts that abound in mushrooms there is selenium, precious for the health of our body because it constitutes a part of the antioxidant enzymes responsible for protecting cells from the effects of free radicals. Also present in good quantities are calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and silicon: important for bone formation and to fight osteoporosis. Thanks to potassium, the mushrooms are friends of the heart, as this substance helps regulate the heart rhythm, while it is thanks to the iron if it is also a food able to increase the immune defenses and the physical and mental resistance.

The most important rule

The final note on mushrooms is certainly the one to always keep in mind: the varieties are many, different in shape, color, length of the stem, in the size of the hat, in the taste but also in the danger. Not all mushroom species are edible. The delicious porcini and the poisonous amanita are very different, so the most important rule when it comes to mushrooms is that you first need to know them.

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