History The more you know


Albert Einstein in addition to having been one of the most famous physicists in the history of science, had an active role in several other fields, from philosophy to politics, and for his complex contribution to culture in general is considered one of the most important scholars and thinkers of the 20th century.

He was born in the German city of Ulm in 1879 and as a child he had a slow cognitive development; came from a family of non-observant Jews, in Germany and Switzerland he suffered first hand the growing anti-Semitism of the time, he left Germany immediately after the rise to power of the Nazi party of Adolf Hitler and both before and during the Second World War he undertook every effort to help Jewish brothers. As an adult he was a very meek man of proverbial kindness, as a child he was often impetuous: once at the age of five he grabbed a chair and threw it against a nanny.

Throughout his life Einstein was considered unconventional and rebellious, who always loved to think with his own head and never considered himself a pious or religious man: he was allergic to dogmas and to all absolute and indisputable truths: for this he did not have any problems to challenge authority in an explicit and irreverent way. After graduating in 1900, Albert Einstein in 1900 took Swiss citizenship to take up a job at the Bern Patent Office: the modest job allowed him to devote much of his time to the study of physics. In 1905 he published three theoretical studies: the first and most important study contained the first comprehensive exposition of the special theory of relativity. In 1921 he received the Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to theoretical physics, in particular for the discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect and his fame spread all over the world especially for the theory of relativity, capable of striking the imaginary collective.

Despite his notoriety, his character was not presumptuous: on the contrary, he was always of proverbial humility, cultivated numerous friendships and had various emotional relationships. With his children and with women, however, he did not always have easy relationships, he was able to love, but his independent character made him intolerant of too close and binding ties, He married twice but the marriage did not stop him from having numerous lovers with he intertwined stories at times very short and at others more intense, in 1923 he also fell in love with his secretary Betty Neumann. With his second wife, his cousin, named Elsa Einstein, a woman who unlike him was devoid of intellectual ambitions, he had a happy bond that over the years turned into a deep bond, and when he died in 1936, Albert wept in despair. Elsa stayed with Einstein all her life enduring his betrayals, even with Frau L who was an Austrian blonde named Margareth Lebach with whom Einstein had a public domain affair. When Lebach went to visit her lover at home, Elsa, who knew about her relationship with her husband, decided to leave them alone and make the shopping sessions in the city coincide with the woman’s arrival.

The image of Einstein, as a mild and somewhat distracted genius corresponds to reality, always had a rather unkempt appearance throughout his life: he could regularly forget to put socks on, often wore pants that were too short and often wore the same ones. sweatshirts until they filled with big holes. A naturalized American, he died in Princeton, New Jersey in 1955 at the age of 76 and 12 pages full of equations drawn up to the last moment were found next to his bed.

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